The house-museum of M. Y. Lermontov
Mikhail Lermontov was born in 1814, in Moscow, in the house of major-general N.Tol near Red Gates (the district of Krasnye Vorota metro station in Moscow). Now there is no the house where the poet was born, there is no the Church of the Three Saints, where he was baptized, there are no Red Gates. But a small wooden one-storey mansion with mezzanine is preserved on Malaya Molchanovka, where Lermontov spent three young years from 1829 to 1832, where he began to write poetry and understood that Literature was his mission. This house was rented by Elizabeth Arsenyeva, a grandmother of the poet, from a merchant F.I.Chernova. Along with the house they rented a kitchen, a servants’ house, a stable, a carriage house and a warehouse. After the departure of Mikhail Lermontov and the E.A.Arsenyeva, the construction of the courtyard was remained unchanged until 1844. However, in the following decades, the new owners changed its appearance dramatically. Now the building is restored according to its original plan. With clearance from later buildings, the house is made according to a genuine layout of living – room and mezzanine, typical for mass building of post-fire Moscow.
The only memorial house of Lermontov in Moscow is a priceless artifact and the most significant exhibit. The Museum exposition will tell you about school and academic years of Lermontov in the University Noble boarding school, later in the Moscow Imperial University, and about a tense spiritual and creative life of the poet. By eighteen years he had already created 17 poems, 4 plays, 250 lyrical poems.
The memorial part of the house represents a restored interior of the Moscow mansion of the 1830-ies, with pieces of furniture, selected by typology, and decorative arts, genuine family portraits, drawings and paintings of Lermontov, books with his autograph. The Museum exposition will tell you about his family lifestyle, about the interests and hobbies of young Lermontov, and the people around him in those years.
The Museum is not only represented the atmosphere of the noble house of the first third of the XIX century, but also conveys the atmosphere of intense spiritual life, which made Lermontov’s poetic genius.