The House-Museum of A. P. Chekhov

The first Museum of A.P.Chekhov (1860 — 1904) was established in Moscow on the initiative of the writer’s family. It was opened on 25 April 1912 at the Rumyantsev Museum. Today the Chekhov House-Museum is located in a two-storey stone outhouse, built in 1874 on Sadovaya-Kudrinskaya street. This house was rented by the Chekhovs family from a famous doctor J.A.Korneev. The writer lived here since 27 August 1886 and until his departure to the Sakhalin island in April 1890. Here A. Chekhov wrote his famous works: “Ivanov” and “Leshiy” plays, “Bear”, “Proposal” and “Wedding” vaudevilles, “Steppe”, “Lights”, ” A boring story” and many others.

Famous writers, artists, actors and musicians: V.G.Korolenko, V.A.Gilyarovsky, I.I.Levitan, F.O.Shekhtel, P.I.Tchaikovsky, A.I.Sumbatov-Yuzhin, V.I.Nemirovich-Danchenko visited A.P.Chekhov in this “house – cabinet”, as the writer called it himself.
The descriptions and pictures of relatives helped to restore almost the same atmosphere of the house where the writer lived and worked: his bedroom and study, rooms of his sister and brother and a living room.

In the lobby of the Museum you can see the portrait of Chekhov — the creation of the sculptor S.Konenkov. There are also the writer’s books here, which were published in different languages, as well as photographs and drawings of Moscow at the end of the 19th century.

The literary exhibition, which is dedicated to the life and career of the writer, occupies three rooms of the house. It is based on the personal materials and documents of Chekhov, donated to the state by his family. One of the rooms will tell you about the Chekhov’s trip to the Sakhalin island.
The main hall of the House-Museum of Chekhov is positioned not only as the exposition one, but also as a concert hall. The Theater of Chekhov is located here.

The exhibition hall represents a rare collection of the event posters of the Chekhov times, postcards-photographs, depicting the prominent actors, playing the characters in the Chechov’s plays; programs, photos of Chekhov himself among the actors, the opinions of his contemporaries on his plays.

The house-Museum of Chekhov offers musical and literary evenings, excursions-lectures for visitors of all ages and scientific conferences.

Walking tour of Moscow is a unique opportunity to discover the world of the Chekhov’s Moscow, to see many monuments and sights associated with the life and work of the famous Russian writer. Moscow was a favorite city of Chekhov. He got the inspiration for his immortal works in Moscow wide streets and boulevards, in the cozy atmosphere of Moscow café.

Anton Pavlovich Chekhov was born in a large family of a merchant, the grocery store owner; he studied at the classical school and helped his father in the trade.

The first literary works of Chekhov – vaudevilles, scenes, sketches, anecdotes – were referred to his school years. He sent some of them to the editorial office of the Moscow humorous magazines.

Having entered to the medical faculty of Moscow University (1879), the literary work became his major source of income: from this time his “humorous little stories” were regularly published in popular magazines under various pseudonyms.

After graduation from the University in 1884, Chekhov worked as a district doctor. At the same time he also wrote a lot of small stories for the periodical magazines. The plot basis was an amusing or absurd incident, curious or funny story. These stories, written under a certain amount and by the deadline, made the following literature collections “Motley stories” (1886) and “Innocent speeches” (1887).

In the first half of the 1890s, Chekhov became one of the most widely read writers of Russia — his works were appeared in many magazines and newspapers regularly; individual collections were gone out, which were constantly reissued, having caused a wide resonance in literary circles.

In the mid-1890s, Chekhov returned to his drama works, trying to make plays in the following way: the plot conflict was changed to the calm atmosphere and all the dramatic conflict was shifted to the sphere of spiritual experiences of the characters.

However, Russian drama theatres were not ready for the reproduction of this new style: the performance of “Seagull” ended in failure at the Alexandrinsky theatre (1896). Only the Moscow Art Theatre (1898) could open the art of Chekhov as a playwright to the public. The following productions of Chekhov’s plays (“Uncle Vanya”, 1899; “Three sisters”, 1901, “Cherry orchard”, 1904) were carried out only on the stage of this theater.
The basis of its plot became not a collision of man with rough social environment, but the internal conflict of his inner world. The heroes of Chekhov were “gloomy”, boring, “living in twilight” people.

Their misfortunes did not have fatal predetermination and were not explained historically — they suffered because of their own mistakes, bad choices, moral and intellectual apathy.

Chekhov’s Literature ideas had a huge impact on Literature and Theater of the 20th century. His dramatic works, translated into many languages, became an integral part of the international theatrical repertoire.

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