Stalin’s Bunker (Bunker-42)
Going down to a depth of 65 meters, you enter the place which used to be one of the most secret military facilities of the USSR: Alternate Command Post “Tagansky” (GO-42).
The Bunker-42 was built in the 50s of the last century, at the height of the Cold War. It is the place where an alternate command post of long-range aviation staff was located. The staff could function in case of Moscow nuclear attack. The bunker was watched round the clock by the military and technical personnel. Here was located radio station, geodetic laboratory, the central telegraph office and the secret office of Stalin.
Bunker-42 was carrying out a twenty-four-hour duty for nearly 30 years running to ensure the safety of our country in the event of a nuclear attack. To provide telephone and telegraph communication by the military duty, about 100 to 600 people worked in the facility on a daily basis. Total number of the people employed at the site was more than 2,500 people. In the 60s Bunker-42 was fully equipped to face a nuclear attack. It was amply supplied with food, fuel, and equipped with regeneration system and the system of air purification, to support the combat duty personnel for several months.
At the end of the 80s, nuclear tensions gradually began to weaken, and Bunker-42 lost its paramount importance as the key element of defense. In 1980 the object was declassified, and since 2006 it has been the unique underground museum of the Cold War.
The Museum is open only for guided tours, which are carried out around historical and technical parts of the bunker on various subjects: you can visit the fourth block, which was spare command point, you can walk through the halls, which recreate the atmosphere of sensitive sites in the Soviet period. You can also see the technical life-support unit, learn about the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, about Caribbean crisis, and more. And of course you’ll get a unique chance to witness the simulation of the nuclear bomb explosion which will leave nobody cold.