Pharmaceutic Garden (Russian: Aptekarskiy Ogorod)
Pharmaceutic Garden is Moscow historical and cultural landmark, and the oldest Russian botanic garden.
In 1706, at the order of Peter I a garden for growing medicinal herbs was laid on the northern fringe of the city, behind Sukharevskaya Tower. Initially it belonged to Pharmaceutic Department (Aptekarskiy Prikaz), then to Moscow Hospital, and later – to Medico-surgical academy. Planted there herbs were not only used for preparing medications, but medical students, future doctors, were trained there as well.
By the early 19th century the Garden, as many other European gardens, had collected hundreds of plant species; their value consisted not so much in their medicinal properties, either certain or assumed, as in herbs importance for studying and teaching Botany. That was the very reason for Moscow State University to decide in favor of this area, when choosing the place to move botanic garden from Mokhovaya Street, the center of the city. In 1805 the garden was obtained by University and has been owned by it so far.
A lot of famous scientists, who contributed much to Russian natural science development, worked in the garden. Thousands of students and school-children penetrated into mysteries of flora kingdom here; infinite ordinary visitors came by to have some rest in the shade of the old park, to admire smart flower beds, and to wonder at exotic plants from overseas in the greenhouses.
Promenade in the park not only lets you spend nice time in the open air, but also gives much bright experience throughout the year.
The park features many expositions, such as decorative aquatic plants, three greenhouses (comprising both subtropical and tropical plants, and collection of plants of different climatic zones), and Shadow garden. Staff members often arrange guided tours over the garden territory and its greenhouses, and numerous visitors are usually attracted by different exhibitions and events.