ART DECO

Art Deco originated as a style in 1908 — 1912, and reached its peak between 1925 and 1935 years. The term itself comes from the name of the International Exhibition of Decorative Arts and Crafts of 1925 year (Exposition Internationale des Art Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes). But, as a term of artistic style, it was mentioned in 1966 year, after the Exhibition revival in Paris. Art Deco is appeared by the influence of Art Nouveau, Cubism and Bauhaus on the one hand, and, the Ancient Art of Egypt, East, Africa and America on the other hand.

Art Deco combined the neoclassical style and smoothness, gracefulness and playfulness, monumentality and elegance at the same time. The representatives of this style ignored the mass industrial production of goods, they stood for the exclusive manufacture of objects. In the manufacture of products they used valuable and expensive materials such as snakeskin, ivory, bronze, crystals, exotic wood. The favorite forms were geometric patterns of six-, eight-squares, ovals and circles, triangles and rhombuses. They also widely used plant forms of recently distributed Art Nouveau, various quotes from classicism, but also borrowings from Egyptian, African and other Exotic cultures.

Thus, Art Deco can distinguish many styles: elegant, classic, expressive, exotic, and various modernist versions.

Today the Museum collection is the largest collection of works in bronze and ivory of 1920-1930-ies, which has more than 900 works. Among them, there are about 100 sculptures by Dmitry Chiparusa, the most prominent decorative plastics of 1920-1930-ies. The remaining 800 pieces are works of art by Ferdinand Preiss, Pol Philip, Otto Portsela, Pierre Le Fagoi, Claire Coline and other artists.

The Museum has a collection of Interior Art Deco works of prominent designers of that time, such as Jacques-Emile Ruhlman, Jules Leleu, Pol Follo, Louis Su, Andre Mara and Edgar Brandt.

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