I.S. Turgenev’s museum
Ivan Turgenev was born in Orel in 1818. He is a great Russian novelist, a corresponding member of the Petersburg Academy of Science.
As young as in early childhood Ivan saw the cruelty and fads of the landlords that he couldn’t forget and that inspired his “early hatred of slavery and serfdom.” Almost the only happy memories of childhood were the hours he spent in the old manor garden where he knew every tree, where the yardman and his mother’s secretary Fedor Lobanov would teach young Turgenev to read and write and where they would also recite ancient poems to him. Tutors and teachers were teaching him at home – in the mansion house with some forty bedrooms and a large library. However, this huge manor house in forty rooms was burned in 1839.
Meeting with Pauline Viardot, a talented singer, played an exceptionally crucial role in Turgenev’s life: until the end of his life he remained a close friend of the Viardot family, and that was the reason for him staying abroad with his friends for almost the whole of his life.
In his works, Turgenev showed both high spiritual qualities and talents of the Russian peasant and the poetry of nature. In the socio-psychological novels “Home of the Gentry”, “On the Eve”, “Fathers and Sons”, in stories such as “Asya”, “Torrents of Spring” and others, the image of the outgoing noble culture and the dedicated Russian women, the new heroes of the commoners and democrats’ era were created. In his novels the writer also portrayed the life of the Russians abroad and the populist movement in Russia. As a master of the language and psychological analysis, Turgenev exerted a significant influence both on the development of Russian and world literature.
The mansion located at Ostozhenka, 37 is familiar to Muscovites. From 1840 to 1850 there lived Ivan Turgenev’s mother, Varvara Turgeneva. Ivan often visited his mother in the house, that has become the Turgenev’s museum. The exposure of the exhibition called “Moscow. Ostozhenka. Turgenev “, opened in 2009 in the halls of the front suite on the mansion’s first floor, displays the life and work of the great Russian writer.
The museum holds guided tours, literary evenings and concerts.