Central Museum of musical culture named after M. I. Glinka
All-Russian Museum Association of musical culture named after M. I. Glinka is the largest Treasury of musical culture, which has no analogues somewhere in the world.
Its collections include music and literary manuscripts, research on the history of culture, rare books and printed music. The Museum is focused on autographs, letters, various documents, related to the life and work of Russian and foreign musical representatives.
Five galleries represent more than 900 traditional and professional musical instruments. The exhibition contains the instruments from Russia, Europe, Asia, America, Africa, Australia:
– the instruments of the Russian people. You can see the unique gusli of XIII – XIV centuries. This instrument was found during archaeological excavations in the ancient Novgorod. After recreating the missing fragments of the gusli, they take an honorable place in the exhibition. Here you will find the copies of the restored gusli, sopilka and horns. Its fragments were also found in excavations;
– the instruments of the neighboring Russian lands make the oldest Museum collection. The collection consists of 36 musical instruments of the people from Central Asia and Kazakhstan. It is collected by August Fyodorovich Eichgorn, a bandmaster of the Russian military bands in the Turkestan military district in 1870-1883;
At the exhibition you can also see a small Chinese mouth organ Sheng. It was existed, according to scientists, during the second Millennium BC. Here you will also find a Vietnamese monochord Dan Bau, decorated with elegant mother-of-pearl inlays, and the Irish harp of the XIX century; Scottish bagpipes Piob Mhor and the Japanese string instrument koto. All the girls from aristocratic families were trained to play the koto. There are also African drums with membranes from animal skins.
One of the halls is dedicated to professional musical instruments of the European tradition.
There are miniature pocket violins of the XVII century – pochettes. They were sounded during dance teachers’ lessons. There is also a lovely viola, crystal and porcelain flutes, a serpent, which looks like a curved body of the snake, ancient and modern spinets, harpsichords and clavichords. The spinet-bureau of the Flemish work of the end of the XVI century, was served simultaneously as a portable musical instrument, and a Cabinet with lots of drawers, richly inlaid with mother of pearl. One of the most valuable exhibits is the spinet by M. Yadro, an Italian master, dating back to 1565 year. It was belonged to the famous Florentine Medici family. Its pre – keyslip has three medallions with images of family members.
The Museum has a modern recording studio and a concert hall with an organ of the German firm “Schuke” (Potsdam). The foyer of the Central Museum of musical culture has the oldest Russian organ of the German master Friedrich Ladegast, which also sounds in concerts.
The Museum hosts festivals, concerts of classical, jazz, organ music, interactive sessions, lectures and children’s events. You can not only see the rich collection of musical instruments, but also to hear their sound, which is a whole kaleidoscope of melodies, timbres and rhythms!